The Skills Needed to Win the Population Health Game - Cover

The Skills Needed to Win the Population Health Game

The world of population health management (PHM) is ever changing and evolving. It makes me think of the game of basketball. As every child learns to play the game of basketball, shooting stands out as a very important part of the game. Shooting leads to scoring, and scoring is what is displayed on the scoreboard. Without shooting, basketball would be a boring sport to watch indeed. Naturally, many players focus on developing their skill in shooting so that they can score and see their points on the scoreboard.

Similarly, the PHM market has been a lot like someone learning to play basketball. 

Caring for High-Risk Patients

The thing that the industry has focused on most is what brings the quickest and easiest returns, or in other words, puts points on the board. The element that easily puts points on the board in PHM is taking care of high-risk and high-cost patients. When a high-risk or high-cost patient is well taken care of, the returns for a healthcare provider stack up very quickly.

However, we need to move past just caring for people when they become sick. Shooting is definitely an essential part of the game of basketball, and being good at shooting is a great skill, but looking into the future, there are additional skills and abilities that are going to be needed to progress in the game. There is dribbling, passing, defense, set plays, and picks, not to mention referees, a time clock, and the opposing team trying to steal the ball away from you or block you. There are so many aspects to the game of basketball that focusing only on one will never get you to the NBA. Population health is similarly full of various aspects, and each will be necessary to succeed. 

Caring for the Entire Population

The underlying idea of population health is that we need to take care of the entire population, not just the high-risk patients who bring the greatest benefit to the organization. Taking care of the entire population requires interactions with those patients who may not be costing the system anything right now. It means practicing other aspects of population health besides caring for the already sick--elements that are also fundamental to health.

Moving to the next league is going to happen, but whether providers are prepared for that next level will depend on the development of skills outside of chasing low-hanging fruit. In the rest of this series we will explore the fundamentals of PHM and the journey to becoming a winning team.